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Abdominal Anatomy

The abdomen is the largest cavity in the body. Oval in shape, its upper boundary is the diaphragm and its lower boundary is the inner surface of the pelvis. The front and side of the abdomen are bounded by the abdominal muscles and fascia. In the back, by the vertebral column and its associated muscles. The abdominal muscles offer protection for the internal organs, provide postural support and bending movement as well as aid in breathing.
The abdominal muscles are:
  • Transverse abdominals-aid breathing and lateral bending.
  • The internal obliques-aid breathing, support the abdomen, rotate the spine, flex the spine and laterally flex the spine.
  • The external obliques- aid breathing, support the abdomen, flex torso forward, rotate the ribs and pelvis in opposite directions, tilt the pelvis and laterally flex the spine.
  • Rectus abdominis-flex the spine forward.
Bariatrics primarily relates to the surgical management of obesity. The surgery is performed as open surgery through one long incision.

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