Osteoarthritis of the Hip

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The femoral head of the femur is cushioned with a material called articular hyaline cartilage. With age, normal wear and tear of the cartilage takes place in most joints. Excess weight can also cause abnormal wear and rear. The loss of cartilage can cause disability or deform the joint and bone spurs may develop. This condition is known as osteoarthritis, or degenerative arthritis.

Symptoms Include:
  • Loss of movement
  • Snapping or popping
  • Stiffness and swelling
Treatment:
Non-surgical treatment
  • Rehabilitation will strengthen muscles, help reduce hip pain and improve function.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) such as Ibuprofen, Motrin, Naprosyn and Celebrex may be used to decrease hip pain and swelling. Be sure to talk to your doctor before starting these medications.
  • Cold therapy applied to the inflammation helps stimulate blood flow, and relieves the hip pain associated with inflammation. Cold therapy should be applied several times over the course of the day.
  • Weight reduction.
Surgical treatment
  • Total hip replacement if the arthritis affects the whole hip joint. Both the ball and socket are replaced.
  • Hip resurfacing.
    Total resurfacing, no stem is placed, and the ball is resurfaced only, and glides against a cup placed in the socket. In a hemi resurfacing, only the head is resurfaced, and the socket is left alone. The metal head glides against the patients own cartilage in the socket.


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