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Elbow Anatomy

Bones

The elbow (Fig.1) is a hinge joint formed by the humerus (upper arm) and the radius and ulna (forearm). The elbow moves in flexion (bending) and extension (straightening). These movements take place between the humerus and the ulna. Forearm rotation is a more complex motion that occurs at the juncture of the radius and ulna.

Hyaline Cartilage

The elbow, as with all synovial joints of the body is covered with articular cartilage (Fig.1). This material cushions and provides a smooth surface which permits movement with minimal friction.

Ligaments

Fig.1
Ligaments connect bone to bone. The major ligaments of the elbow are the ulnar collateral, radial collateral and annular ligaments (Fig.2).
Muscles

The muscles that flex and extend elbow are the biceps which flex the elbow, as well as aid rotation and the triceps which extends or straightens the elbow (Fig.3). Other rotators of the elbow are the supinator and the pronator teres. Muscles are attached to bones by tendons.

Fig.2 Fig.3

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Lateral Epicondylitis

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Cubital Tunnel Splint
Cubital Tunnel Splint